Exactly what is fiber optic technology?

Optical fiber is a flexible, transparent fiber made of glass or plastic which is slightly thicker than a human hair. The fiber cable coming into your home acts as a conduit carrying all your data via light waves between each end of the fiber. The principles of refraction, which make fiber optics possible, have been around since the 1840s and developing by leaps and bounds since then. NASA even used fiber optics in the cameras they sent to the moon, although the technology was considered highly confidential requiring a high-level security clearance. From the moon to your living room TV, there’s a reason we at ALLO like to brag about our superior technology.
Why is fiber better than the other guys?
The other guys are still stuck using traditional copper cabling. Fiber has the advantage over copper by allowing much greater throughput, meaning fiber can carry much more data.  A single optical fiber can carry 3,000,000 voice calls or 90,000 TV channels, and that’s just to one house! Metal cables transmit data through electricity, and when data moves at a higher speed, it must overcome greater resistance requiring more power to process signals. Copper basically acts as an electromagnetic antenna, regularly picking up interference causing loss of signal, noise interruption, and slower speeds. To help minimize interference all copper cabling requires shielding. These are non-issues for fiber which uses light rather than electricity to transmit data to you. Think of it like a laser that blinks off and on hundreds of times per second, this form of data translation allows information to flow in its natural digital form.  Additionally, data is much more vulnerable to interception across copper cabling. Fiber provides more security because light can’t be read as easily as signals sent over copper cabling.
What’s not to love?
The biggest drawback to fiber is its availability. We often mention our technology to customers as a quick side-note in a long list of exciting features, but the reality is, people across the country would go bananas for the technology we’re bringing to communities across Nebraska and Colorado. Fiber optics makes instant channel change, whole home DVR, and gigabit internet speeds possible which means you’re browsing the web ten times faster than Joe Wallstreet in New York City. San Francisco’s Silicon Valley, home to Apple, Google, Facebook, and Netflix, is the epicenter of technical innovation, and customers there are lucky to get 10mbps internet on a good day, and happy to pay twice the cost of ALLO’s 300mbps plan to get it. We’re proud to be a small, locally-based company, but when some of the biggest cities in the world are scrambling to keep up with our technology, don’t count us as the underdog, know we’re the leader.
Sources: (1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refraction ( 2) http://www.ecmag.com/section/systems/copper-vs-fiber (3) Resident ALLO smart guy, Robert Martin (4) http://www.businessbee.com/resources/news/operations-buzz/buzzbattle-ethernet-vs-fiber-basics/